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Intelligence Must be Applied to be Useful, Official Says

Defense News - Thu, 2014-07-24 00:00

Intelligence collection alone isn’t sufficient to secure the nation, Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence Michael G. Vickers said here today.

“What do you do with the intelligence?” he asked the audience at the Aspen Security Forum. It has to be applied to actions, Vickers said, and that falls into two categories: direct and indirect action.

Indirect action is when the United States works with international partners to build their capacity and to capture terrorists, the undersecretary explained. Examples run “from the French in Mali to individual host countries who help us critically,” Vickers said. “The Pakistanis and Yemenis, in particular, have done very important things in this regard.”

The Defense Department prefers to use indirect action because threats are distributed globally, he said, but it isn’t always possible.

“It depends on whether they're capable and then willing,” the undersecretary said. If a potential partner nation is willing, but not capable, capacity-building programs can come into play, he said.

Direct action involves special operations forces, such as those used in the bin Laden raid and capture operations in Libya, he said, as well as unmanned Predator strikes.

Since 2008, when the war against al-Qaida expanded into areas outside of armed hostilities, the single most important instrument in degrading al-Qaida has been Predator strikes, he said.

“Hands down,” the undersecretary said. “It doesn't mean it'll be the most important going forward in the future -- it's still essential today -- but it has been our most important.”

The Predator was instrumental in DoD’s single most important accomplishment over the past year, Vickers said.

“We had very, very serious threats emanating out of Yemen last summer, … and some very rapid action not only disrupted that threat, but set it back,” he said. “And again, that was largely Predator strikes that did that.”

The most significant threats to the United States emanate from Syria, Yemen and from the tribal areas of the Afghanistan-Pakistan border region, Vickers said.

“And then ISIS or ISIL also has aspirations,” he said, using acronyms for an organization known alternatively as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. “It's focused on its area right now, but it is in a competition for leadership of the global jihad with al-Qaida, … and so they're a threat not to be discounted as well.”

But for now at least, most of the attacks attributed to groups holding Salafi jihadist ideology are focused on the “near enemy,” or the country they’re involved in, Vickers said.

Foreign fighters who hold Western passports -- including Americans -- pose a near-term threat, and they number in the thousands, the undersecretary noted. Many of them go overseas to fight a local war, but are “skimmed off” for external operations, he said.

Foreign fighters, both Western and non-Western, are going into Syria in much higher numbers than similar fighters were going to Iraq at the height of the Iraq war, Vickers said. It’s critical to take away these sanctuaries from groups who may be interested in attacking the United States, he added.

But military options generally are the last resort in counterterrorism, the undersecretary said.

“We prefer ‘capture and detain’ for intelligence purposes to lethal direct action,” he said. “We prefer indirect action -- working with partners -- to direct action. But when we have to do direct action, we do.”

Every situation requires its own response, Vickers said.

“When you look at our counterterrorism strategies as applied to specific groups or countries or a region, they're very tailored approaches,” he explained.

For example, in Mali, after al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb took over the northern half of the country, the French intervened, and the United States provided an important enabling role.

“That was the right solution for that,” Vickers said. “In other cases, it's a different set of instruments.”

(Follow Claudette Roulo on Twitter: @roulododnews)
 

Air Guardsmen, Reservists Help Battle Western Wildfires

Defense News - Thu, 2014-07-24 00:00

Air reserve components are providing crews and planes to support civilian firefighting efforts in the West, the commander of the effort said in a DoD News interview.

When civilian authorities are strained, they can call on eight C-130 aircraft equipped with the modular airborne firefighting system, said Air Force Col. Charles D. Davis III, commander of Air Expeditionary Wing Wildland Firefighting. Davis is with the North Carolina Air National Guard, is based at the National Interagency Fire Center in Boise, Idaho, for the effort.

When civilian firefighters “need a surge capability, they call on us,” Davis said.

The aircraft come from four different wings -- three from the Air Guard and one from the Air Force Reserve.

For the last few days, crews have battled forest fires in Northern Utah. The aircraft launched from Boise and flew six sorties. The aircraft carry a 3,000-gallon tank filled with fire retardant. “We fall right in line and drop the liquid,” Davis said.

The aircraft use prearranged tanker bases to reload. So while the aircraft launch from Boise, by using the tanker bases they are able to “fight the fire all day long,” he said.

The aircraft don’t put the fires out, Davis said, noting that rain is the only thing that will end the danger. “We’re more containment,” he said. “We do not put [the retardant] on the flames. We put it around the fire to stop it from expanding.”

The aircraft and crews come from the 145th Airlift Wing of the North Carolina Air National Guard, the 146th Airlift Wing from the California Air Guard, the 153rd Airlift Wing from Wyoming and the Air Force Reserve’s 302nd Airlift Wing based at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado.

(Follow Jim Garamone on Twitter: @garamoneDoDNews)
 

Senate committee approves FY2015 DoD appropriations bill

ASMC National News - Wed, 2014-07-23 16:31

The Senate Appropriations Committee (SAC) approved its version of the FY2015 DoD Appropriations bill last week.

The SAC bill provides $490 billion for DoD appropriations in the base budget (excluding military construction, which is provided in a separate bill), $1 billion below the request. The bill also includes $58.3 billion for Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO), $200 million below the president’s request.

Sen. Barbara Milkulski (D-MD) called the bill “a good bill for our men and women in uniform.” “It emphasizes readiness, cares for our wounded warriors, takes steps to improve health on our military bases and provides resources needed to keep our nation secure”, she said.

The House bill, passed last month, provides $491 billion for the base DoD budget and $79.4 billion for OCO.

The SAC bill would provide funding for 1 percent military pay raise as proposed by the president. The House-passed bill funds a 1.8 percent military pay raise as authorized under the House-passed FY2015 Defense Authorization bill. The SAC also approves the administration request to freeze pay for general and flag officers and allow for slower Basic Housing Allowance (BAH) growth.

The bill also funds a 1 percent civilian pay raise requested by the president.

The SAC bill would fund the Defense Health Program (DHP) at $31.6 billion ($400 million below the request), essentially the same level as the House-passed bill. The bill would add $200 million to the Defense Commissary Agency funding request to maintain operations and block the president’s proposed cut to the commissary subsidy. The bill also cuts $20 million from Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) funding to reflect a five percent personnel reduction.

Operations and Maintenance (O&M) funding in the SAC bill would total $165.8 billion, only slightly below the administration’s request, but $1 billion more than the House-passed bill. The SAC includes funding increases for facility sustainment (+$1 billion) and depot maintenance ($+360 million).

The SAC bill includes about $850 million to refuel the USS George Washington, denying the administration’s plan to defer a decision on refueling until the FY2016 budget. The House also provided funding for refueling. The SAC also funds continued operations of A-10 aircraft, blocking (like the House) the administration proposal to retire the A-10 fleet.

Procurement funding in the bill totals $91.4 billion, $1.7 billion higher than the request and about $200 million over the House-passed bill. Included in the SAC procurement funding are: two attack submarines and three Littoral Combat Ships; 34 F-35 (Joint Strike Fighter) and 7 KC-46A tankers, 12 EA-18G Growlers, and 79 H-60 Blackhawk and 37 MH-60S/R helicopters.

The SAC bill includes $62.6 billion for research and development, almost $1 billion less than the request and about $200 less than the House. Among the programs receiving R&D funding are: the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV); the long-range strike bomber; and the KC-tanker. The SAC also added almost $800 million for medical research with a special focus on Peer-Reviewed Medical Research and Peer-Reviewed Cancer Research.

To reallocate funding to higher priorities identified by the Committee, the SAC made 517 separate program cuts totaling $11.7 billion. The funding reductions include: $6.6 billion for excess prior-year unobligated balances and forward financing; $2.7 billion due to schedule delays, cost growth, program concurrency and poor contractor performance; $1.3 billion to eliminate unnecessary program growth; and $1.1 billion for program redundancy, insufficient documentation, and program terminations. The SAC bill also cuts $500 million (3 percent) form the IT budget request to encourage prioritization of non-cybersecurity investments.

Given the Senate’s stalemate over the amendment process for floor action on appropriations bills, it is unclear when the defense bill will be considered on the Senate floor. To date the full Senate has not considered any FY2015 appropriations bill, while the House has passed seven (including the DOD bill). It is also unclear whether the defense bill will be a stand-alone bill or will be included in a continuing resolution (CR). With the August recess less than two weeks away and the mid-term congressional elections looming, it is becoming more likely that a CR may be considered sooner rather than later and final congressional action on most appropriations bills will be deferred until after the election.

FAX Issues

ASMC National News - Mon, 2014-07-14 12:32

We are currently experiencing issues with our FAX machine. While we are working on it, could you email certification documents to certification@asmconline.org and membership documents to gibson@asmconline.org.

OMB Mid-Session Review shows short-term improvement in budget deficit

ASMC National News - Mon, 2014-07-14 11:26

The FY2014 federal budget deficit will be $66 billion lower than the previous administration estimate, according to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). 

In its annual Mid-Session Review of the budget and the administration’s economic projections, OMB now expects the FY2014 deficit to be $583 billion compared to $649 billion projection made when the FY2014 budget was released in March.  

Measured as a share of total Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the deficit will decline from 3.7 percent in FY2014 (down from the previous estimate of 3.4 percent) to 2.2 percent by 2018. OMB projects the deficit share of GDP to rise to 2.6 percent through FY2022 before falling again to 2.1 percent by FY2024.

The lower deficit estimate in FY2014 is due almost entirely to lower estimated mandatory (-$53 billion) and discretionary (-$27 billion) spending. Total discretionary outlays are expected decline due to slower spending patterns for defense and nondefense programs and reduced expenditures for Overseas Contingency Operations (-$6 billion).

However, this improvement will be short-lived according to OMB estimates. While the FY2014-16 deficits are lower than OMB previously projected, deficits for FY2017-24 are estimated to be $600 billion higher than OMB’s March projections. This adjustment is due primarily to lower revenue (-$745 billion), resulting mostly from a lower economic growth forecast, offset slightly by higher projected outlays (+$31 billion) and lower interest payments (+$123 billion). Discretionary outlays are expected to stay essentially flat between 2017 based on administration long-term spending plans.

The OMB projections are based on the administration’s economic assumptions and its proposed spending and revenue proposals. The unemployment rate is expected to average 6.3 percent in 2014 and is projected to decline to 5.4 percent in 2017 and stay 5.4 percent through 2024. OMB expects the annual change in consumer prices (CPI-U) to be 1.8 percent in 2014, increase to 2.2 percent by 2017 and level off at 2.3 percent for the period 2018 to 2024.

Shaun Donovan confirmed a new OMB director

ASMC National News - Fri, 2014-07-11 12:29

The Senate has confirmed (72-22) Shaun Donovan to be Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the government’s chief budget officer.

Donovan has been Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) since 2009 and replaces Sylvia Mathews who recently became the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS).

When President Obama announced Donovan’s nomination in May for the OMB post he said Donovan “has earned a reputation as a great manager, a fiscally responsible leader, and somebody who knows how the decisions we make here in Washington affect people’s lives all across the country.” 

While serving as HUD secretary, Donovan chaired the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force, which was charged with developing a regional plan to guide future disaster recovery. Along with Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano, Donovan headed the Long-Term Disaster Working Group that developed the National Disaster Recovery Framework.

Prior to becoming HUD secretary, Donovan served as commissioner of the New York City Department of Housing Preservation and Development (HPD). Before that he worked in the private sector on financing affordable housing and was a visiting scholar on the preservation of federally-assisted housing at New York University. Donovan also was a consultant to the Millennial Housing Commission established by Congress to expand housing opportunities.

During the Clinton administration, Donovan served as a Deputy Assistant Secretary for Multifamily Housing at HUD. He has also worked at the Community Preservation Corporation (CPC) in New York City and earlier as an architect.

Donovan becomes the government’s 40th budget head. In 1921, the Bureau of the Budget was established in the Treasury department under the Budget and Accounting Act. In 1939, it moved to the Executive Office of the President and in 1970 became the Office of Management and Budget.

DoD Officials Discuss Housing More Unaccompanied Children

Defense News - Tue, 2014-07-08 00:00

Defense Department officials are in discussions with Department of Health and Human Services officials to house more children who have entered the United States unaccompanied, Pentagon Press Secretary Navy Rear Adm. John Kirby said today.

During a Pentagon news conference, Kirby said the department is processing requests right now from HHS to house more children.

“I wouldn’t put an exact number on it, because that's still in discussion,” the admiral said.

Three bases already are housing these unaccompanied children – Fort Sill, Oklahoma; Lackland Air Force Base, Texas; and Naval Base Ventura, California. Currently, DoD facilities can accommodate 2,375 of these children.

The facilities being used are excess to DoD needs, Kirby said. “We’re providing access to certain facilities that were already vacant and not being used and are, therefore, available, and in the first three cases are relatively close to the border itself,” he said.

Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel supports the mission, the admiral said, and is assured that housing these young people will not impinge on troops. “He understands the importance of making sure that these children get the care that they need once they get inside the country,” Kirby said.

HHS owns this mission, and while DoD is providing the facilities, “we are not responsible for the children themselves,” the press secretary said.

The original agreement between DoD and HHS places a 120-day cap on the time the children can be housed on the bases. Lackland has housed the children for about two months, and Kirby would not speculate on whether that cap will be extended. “It’s certainly something that could be discussed,” he said.

HHS will reimburse DoD for the facilities, Kirby said.

Some 60,000 unaccompanied children could enter the United States this year, officials said. For many, transnational criminal networks play a role in getting them to the United States.

In addition, officials said, these transnational criminal networks create much of the instability that causes many of these children to flee from Central and South America. The networks smuggle humans, drugs and weapons for a price.

The threat these groups pose cannot be countered solely by the military, officials noted, adding that Marine Corps Gen. John F. Kelly, commander of U.S. Southern Command, and Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson are working together on the threat.

(Follow Jim Garamone on Twitter: @GaramoneDoDNews)

Hagel to Visit Submarine, Aviation Bases in South

Defense News - Tue, 2014-07-08 00:00

Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel will depart tomorrow for a two-day trip to military bases in Georgia, Florida and Alabama, Pentagon Press Secretary Navy Rear Adm. John Kirby said today.

The trip is intended to ensure that the Defense Department stays focused on the long-term concerns affecting U.S. interests and allies in Asia, Europe and around the world, he said.

“Throughout this trip, the secretary will highlight and see firsthand some of the core capabilities that he prioritized in our budget submission earlier this year to ensure that our force is ready, agile, modern and effective to confront the full range of challenges that we'll face in the future,” Kirby said.

Hagel’s first stop will be at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay in southeastern Georgia. The base is home to some of the Navy’s Ohio-class ballistic and guided-missile submarines.

“The secretary has made a longstanding personal commitment to the health of our nuclear force and has made it one of his highest priorities to ensure that the United States maintains a safe, secure and effective nuclear deterrence force,” the admiral said.

The visit is part of Hagel’s ongoing review of the nuclear enterprise, which included visits to several intercontinental ballistic missile sites earlier this year, Kirby said. At Kings Bay, Hagel will tour the ballistic missile submarine USS Tennessee and visit a Trident submarine refit facility, and he’ll also speak with submariners, the admiral added.

July 10, the secretary will travel to Eglin Air Force Base in Florida, which is home to the Air Force’s first full squadron of F-35A Lightning II joint strike fighter aircraft and is where the next generation of Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps F-35 pilots and maintainers are being trained.

“The secretary's visit, particularly at this time, sends a strong message to our international partners that the United States remains fully committed to the F-35 program,” the admiral said. The F-35 fleet was grounded July 3 following a fire that occurred in an aircraft still on the runway at Eglin. The incident remains under investigation.

Hagel is confident that the investigation will help the F-35 return to flight, Kirby said, adding that the secretary is looking forward to hearing more firsthand from the personnel at Eglin.

Hagel’s final stop is at Fort Rucker, Alabama, the home of Army aviation. The visit is a chance to highlight the Army’s aviation restructure initiative, the admiral said, and to thank Army aviators for their hard work over 13 years of demanding operations that include airlift, close air support and casualty evacuation.

July 11, the secretary will welcome Japanese Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera to the Pentagon, Kirby said.

The secretary met most recently with Onodera at the Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore.

Among the issues the two defense leaders are expected to discuss are Japan's recent announcement on collective self-defense, the current process of reviewing and revising Japan-U.S. defense guidelines, and ongoing efforts to strengthen the joint alliance -- including trilateral cooperation with South Korea and Australia -- as the region confronts an evolving range of security challenges, including threats from North Korea, Kirby said.

(Follow Claudette Roulo on Twitter: @roulododnews)

American Service Members Secure Bases on Okinawa

Defense News - Mon, 2014-07-07 00:00

American personnel on the Japanese island of Okinawa are battening down the hatches and securing airfields and facilities ahead of Super Typhoon Neoguri.

Japanese forecasters say the storm already has winds over 150 mph, and it is bearing down on the Ryukyu Islands, home to about 30,000 American service members and their families.

Forecasters say the storm will hit Okinawa tomorrow with heavy rain and powerful winds.

Air Force Brig. Gen. James Hecker, the commander of the 18th Wing at Kadena Air Base on Okinawa, declared Tropical Cyclone Condition of Readiness 3, and the base began evacuating aircraft yesterday.

“I can’t stress enough how dangerous this typhoon may be when it hits Okinawa,” Hecker said in a message to the community. “This is not just another typhoon.” Neoguri is the most powerful typhoon forecast to hit the island in 15 years.

Officials are evacuating 61 U.S. Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps aircraft from Okinawa to Guam, mainland Japan, the Philippines and South Korea, said Pentagon spokesman Marine Corps Lt. Col. Jeff Pool. Aircraft moving include C-130 Hercules aircraft, P-3 Orions, P-8 Poseidons and KC-135 Stratotankers.

“The remaining helicopters and jets on Okinawa are being sheltered in protected hangars,” Pool said.

(Follow Jim Garamone on Twitter: @GaramoneDoDNews)
 

Cape Ray Begins Neutralizing Syrian Chemical Materials

Defense News - Mon, 2014-07-07 00:00

Teams aboard the MV Cape Ray have begun neutralizing Syrian chemical materials, a Pentagon spokesman said here today.

U.S. military and civilian specialists aboard the ship are neutralizing the chemical materials in international waters, Army Col. Steve Warren told reporters.

The ship left Gioia Tauro, Italy, with 600 tons of chemicals.

“The Cape Ray is tasked with neutralization of specific chemical material from Syria,” Warren said, noting that the teams are following United Nations and Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons guidelines.

If all goes well, he said, neutralization will take about 60 days. Weather could affect the process, he added.

The U.S. ship has two field-deployable hydrolysis systems in its holds. The systems mix the chemicals in a titanium reactor to render them inert.

“When neutralization is complete, Cape Ray will deliver the result effluent by-products to Finland and Germany for destruction ashore,” Warren said.

Italian officials loaded 78 containers of Syrian chemical materials aboard the Cape Ray on July 2. The Cape Ray teams will neutralize HD sulfur mustard gas and DF, a sarin gas precursor.

(Follow Jim Garamone on Twitter: @GaramoneDoDNews)
 

Sailors in Okinawa Brace for Super Typhoon

Defense News - Mon, 2014-07-07 00:00

Sailors from Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 1 are bracing and preparing for the impact of Super Typhoon Neoguri, forecasted to arrive here as a Category 5 strength storm tomorrow.

NMCB 1 sailors spent July 6 and 7 storing items, sandbagging ground-level entrances subject to flooding and staging tactical vehicles, water dispensers and packaged meals throughout Camp Shields.

“Right now, we’re finishing up securing the camp, tying up and putting away anything that is not immobile so that nothing will become a projectile hazard throughout Camp Shields,” said Navy Command Master Chief Petty Officer Dean Fischer, the battalion’s command master chief.

Although Super Typhoon Neoguri has wind gusts at more than 150 mph according to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center, the Seabees are adept in natural disaster preparation and the relief efforts, which may be needed in the storm’s aftermath, Fischer said.

“Typhoon season pretty much aligns with hurricane season back home in Mississippi, so Gulfport Seabees have a very long history of dealing with TCCOR [tropical storm condition of readiness] conditions,” the command master chief said. “All of the engineering assets on Okinawa will be in contact before, during and after the storm coordinating anything they would need. For us, the primary mission would be to support the Navy bases, the Marine Corps and the Air Force bases.”

Typhoon season officially runs from June through November. According to AccuWeather.com meteorologists, Neoguri will still be a super typhoon when it crosses the gap between the Ryukyu Islands of Miyako Jima and Okinawa.

NMCB 1 sailors are making the best of a stormy outlook, preparing to hunker down in their barracks until they receive an all-clear notice from their chain of command.

“I will take accountability of all of the personnel in my building continue to maintain their safety throughout the storm and make sure they have food and water,” said Petty Officer 1st Class Johnny Turner, a yeoman. “Our mustering point will be in our lounge area, where we will meet and get accountability to the command mustering point of contact, and while we ride out the storm, it will be an opportunity for us to bond [and] relax after working hard to secure the base.”

Master Chief Petty Officer Benno Lederer, Camp Shields officer in charge, said that because of NMCB 1’s diligent efforts in preparing for the typhoon, Camp Shields is braced for the storm well ahead of schedule.

“All NMCB 1 and 30th Naval Construction Regiment typhoon preparations are done, and we are prepared for the storm,” he said. The sailors will begin lockdown for Tropical Cyclone Conditions of Readiness 1 late today or early tomorrow and are expected to be in that state until July 9 or 10, he added.

Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 1 is deployed to Okinawa as part of its 2014 deployment.
 

Chinese Hospital Ship Hosts RIMPAC Medical Exchange Conference

Defense News - Mon, 2014-07-07 00:00

The Chinese hospital ship Peace Ark hosted a medical exchange conference as part of the 2014 Rim of the Pacific exercise here July 3.

Chinese and U.S. naval medical officers gave presentations during the multinational conference, which opened with a video presentation about Peace Ark.

“We wanted the attendees to learn about our experiences on humanitarian assistance relief missions,” said Lt. Cmdr. Xin Du, a medical officer who serves aboard Peace Ark. “But more importantly, I wanted to learn from others’ experience helping out on humanitarian relief efforts. I like the idea of exchanging ideas with other countries. It promotes friendship and subsequent joint missions.”

Military medical personnel from Canada, Indonesia, New Zealand, Norway, South Korea and the United States attended the conference, which encouraged the exchange of medical knowledge and discussion of ways to help humanity using military resources.

“I was impressed with the sheer capacity of Peace Ark's resources in treating people in a disaster,” said Master Cpl. Katarina Vasic, a dental technician with the Canadian army.

A telemedicine presentation by Navy Cmdr. (Dr.) Gilbert Seda, a pulmonary medicine specialist aboard Military Sealift Command hospital ship USNS Mercy, caught the attention of many Peace Ark personnel. Telemedicine is the electronic exchange of medical information between sites.

“Most of us are very interested in telemedicine,” said Du. “Our cardiologist, nephrologist, and other officers were very interested in his presentation.”

This year’s RIMPAC marks the first time in the exercise’s history that hospital ships have participated. Peace Ark and Mercy will continue to hold medical exchanges while in Pearl Harbor and during simulated disaster-relief operations at sea.

Twenty-two nations, more than 40 ships and submarines, more than 200 aircraft and 25,000 personnel are participating in the RIMPAC exercise, which began June 26 and runs to Aug. 1, in and around the Hawaiian Islands and Southern California.
 

Obama Celebrates Newest Americans During Naturalization Ceremony

Defense News - Fri, 2014-07-04 00:00

President Barack Obama today helped welcome 25 service members and spouses from 15 countries at the end of a journey in which they became America’s newest citizens.

Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security Alejandro Mayorkas administered the oath of citizenship to candidates from the U.S. Army, Navy and Marine Corps, as well as military spouses, proclaiming, “You are now United States citizens.”

Obama then lauded the new citizens for their “long journey” from Australia, Canada, China, France, Germany, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Jamaica, Nigeria, Panama, the Philippines, South Korea, Trinidad and Tobago, and Ukraine to the U.S.

“Then many of you did something extraordinary,” Obama said. “You signed up to serve in the United States military. You answered the call to fight and potentially to give your life for a country that you didn’t fully belong to yet.”

“You understood what makes us American is not just circumstances of birth, or the names in our family tree,” he said. It’s the timeless belief that from many we are one and are bound together by adherence to a set of beliefs and unalienable rights, with certain obligations to serve each other, Obama said.
“Over the years, that’s exactly what you’ve done,” he added.

Obama talked about three of the ceremony’s participants, describing their motivation for joining the U.S. military.

“Rodrigo Laquian came to the United States from the Philippines,” the president said. “He joined the Navy because, he said, he ‘wanted to be a part of something big and important -- to be a part of a great cause.’”

“Stephanie Van Ausdall moved here from Canada with her mom when she was 18 years old,” Obama said. “Today, she’s 26 and a sergeant in the Army. Stephanie says she joined the military ‘to give my children someone to look up to and someone they can be proud of.’”

“Oscar Gonzalez was born in Guatemala, and became a Marine last year,” he said. “Becoming a citizen, he says, means becoming part of a ‘society that strives and stands for good all around the world -- just being a part of that makes me complete.’”

Obama also recognize military spouses who have “been serving our country as well.”

“Diana Baker is originally from Kenya and met her husband Kowaine in Germany,” he said. “Today, she’s a nurse at Frederick Memorial Hospital in Maryland, and she and her husband have four beautiful children.”

“In Diana’s words,” Obama said, “‘becoming a citizen of the United States is like joining a club of the best of the best.’”

Together, the president said, the new Americans remind the country that “America is and always has been a nation of immigrants.”

“Throughout our history, immigrants have come to our shores in wave after wave, from every corner of the globe,” he said. “Every one of us –- unless we’re Native American –- has an ancestor who was born somewhere else.”

“And even though we haven’t always looked the same or spoken the same language,” Obama said, “as Americans, we’ve done big things together. “

We’ve won this country’s freedom together, he said, built our greatest cities together, defended our way of life together and we’ve continued to perfect our union together which is what makes America special.

Obama said what makes the America strong is the basic idea of welcoming immigrants to our shores and it is central to our way of life.

We believe our diversity and differences, he said, when joined together by a common set of ideals, make the nation stronger and more creative.

“From all these different strands, we make something new here in America,” Obama said.

The president provided inspiration through a quote from a “famous” immigrant chef from Armenia named George Mardikian, who notes, Obama said, “‘You who have been born in America, I wish I could make you understand what it is like not to be an American -– not to have been an American all your life -– and then, suddenly to be one, for that moment, and forever after.’”

Today, Obama said, on this Fourth of July, all across the country -- from Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello to the Alamodome in Texas -- immigrants from around the world are taking the oath of citizenship.

“Many of them have worked and sacrificed for years to get to this moment,” he said. “All of them have done it for something none of us should ever take for granted -- the right to be called an American, from this moment, and forever after.”

This fact, Obama said, should give Americans hope and make them confident about the future of the country.

As long as there are men and women willing to give so much for the right to call themselves Americans, he said, and we do our part to keep the door open to those willing to earn their citizenship, the nation’s economy will grow.

“We’ll continue to journey forward,” Obama said. “And we’ll remind the world of why the United States of America is, and always will be, the greatest nation on Earth. We’re very proud of you. Congratulations.”

(Follow Sgt. 1st Class Tyrone Marshall on Twitter:@MarshallDoDNews)

President Honors Independence Day in Weekly Address

Defense News - Fri, 2014-07-04 00:00

In his weekly address issued today, President Barack Obama saluted Independence Day, noting that generations of Americans – including service members past and present -- have worked and sacrificed to keep the nation strong.

The commander in chief had this to say to his troops: “You keep us safe, and you keep the United States of America a shining beacon of hope for the world. And for that, you and your families deserve not only the appreciation of a grateful nation, but our enduring commitment to serve you as well as you’ve served us.”

Here is the text of the president’s address:

Hi, everybody. I hope you're all having a great Fourth of July weekend.

I want to begin today by saying a special word to the U.S. Men’s Soccer Team, who represented America so well the past few weeks. We are so proud of you. You’ve got a lot of new believers. And I know there’s actually a petition on the White House website to make Tim Howard the next Secretary of Defense. Chuck Hagel’s got that spot right now, but if there is a vacancy, I’ll think about it.

It was 238 years ago that our founders came together in Philadelphia to launch our American experiment. There were farmers and businessmen, doctors and lawyers, ministers and a kite-flying scientist.

Those early patriots may have come from different backgrounds and different walks of life. But they were united by a belief in a simple truth -- that we are all created equal; that we are all endowed by our Creator with certain inalienable rights; and that among these rights are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

Over the years, that belief has sustained us through war and depression; peace and prosperity. It’s helped us build the strongest democracy, the greatest middle class, and the most powerful military the world has ever known. And today, there isn’t a nation on Earth that wouldn’t gladly trade places with the United States of America.

But our success is only possible because we have never treated those self-evident truths as self-executing. Generations of Americans have marched, organized, petitioned, fought and even died to extend those rights to others; to widen the circle of opportunity for others; and to perfect this union we love so much.

That’s why I want to say a special thanks to the men and women of our armed forces and the families who serve with them -- especially those service members who spent this most American of holidays serving your country far from home.

You keep us safe, and you keep the United States of America a shining beacon of hope for the world. And for that, you and your families deserve not only the appreciation of a grateful nation, but our enduring commitment to serve you as well as you’ve served us.

God bless you all. And have a great weekend.

Deputy Secretary in UK for Meetings, Carrier Christening

Defense News - Thu, 2014-07-03 00:00

Deputy Defense Secretary Bob Work arrived in London today for a series of discussions with senior U.K. defense officials.

While in England, Work met with his U.K. counterpart, Jon Thompson, the permanent secretary of the Ministry of Defense.

He also had meetings with Julian Miller, the deputy national security advisor; British Army Gen. Nick Houghton, the chief of the defense staff; and Philip Dunne, the minister for defense equipment, support and technology.

A Defense Department spokesman said Work thanked the UK government for its steadfast partnership in conducting joint military operations and for its leadership role with NATO, to include hosting the upcoming NATO summit in Wales.  

Tomorrow, Work will attend the christening ceremony for the U.K.’s newest aircraft carrier, the HMS Queen Elizabeth, in Rosyth, Scotland, near Edinburgh.

Also attending the ceremony with Work will be Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jonathan Greenert, and Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus.

The ship is the largest ever built for the British Royal Navy and is specially outfitted with a bow ramp to assist short takeoffs by the F-35B Lightning II joint strike fighter. The ramp was designed by a joint British and American team of contractors and allows the F-35B to carry a 20 percent larger payload.

“Our Navy shares a great deal of common interests with the Royal Navy, even in the development of this carrier,” Greenert said. “I look forward to the day when we will see our U.S. ships sail by her side as they exercise, communicate and face tomorrow's common challenges.”

The Queen Elizabeth will be one of the most technologically advanced ships in the Royal Navy fleet. The automation of many processes means that while the new carrier is nearly three times the size of the U.K.’s existing light aircraft carriers, it will require about the same number of crew members -- around 680 sailors.

In a break from the traditional Champagne, Queen Elizabeth II will christen the ship with a bottle of whisky from Bowmore distillery in Islay, Scotland, in honor of the carrier’s Scottish builders.

As part of the ceremony, the ship will be floated for the first time. It will later be moved to a different part of the shipyard for further outfitting. Sea trials are expected to begin in August 2016, and the Royal Navy is scheduled to accept the ship in May 2017.

A second Queen Elizabeth-class carrier, the HMS Prince of Wales, is under construction in a neighboring dry-dock and is scheduled to be accepted in August 2019.

 

(Follow Claudette Roulo on Twitter: @roulododnews
 

Deputy Defense Secretary Work in London for Talks with British Counterparts

Defense News - Thu, 2014-07-03 00:00

Deputy Secretary of Defense Bob Work is visiting the United Kingdom July 3-5 to meet with senior government and military UK leadership and attend the naming ceremony for the Royal Navy's lead ship of the Queen Elizabeth-class of aircraft carrier.

Pentagon Spokeswoman Lt. Cmdr. Courtney Hillson said Work met today with the Chief of Defense Staff General Sir Nicholas Houghton and other senior UK government leaders to discuss defense strategies and capabilities collaboration, including U.S.-UK cooperation on nuclear issues, procurement of the Joint Strike Fighter, and carrier operations.

Additionally, Work met with UK Deputy National Security Advisor Julian Miller and other senior UK interagency officials on a wide range of security issues of mutual concern. Deputy Secretary Work and Deputy National Security Advisor Miller shared insights on how to sustain capabilities in fiscally constrained times and increase defense cooperation within the U.S.-UK alliance.

During his meetings, Work thanked the UK government for their steadfast partnership in conducting joint military operations and for their leadership role within NATO, to include hosting the upcoming NATO Summit in Wales. He pledged to continue a regular dialogue.

Tomorrow, Work will attend the July 4 naming ceremony for the HMS Queen Elizabeth at the Rosyth dockyard in Scotland. The Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus and Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jonathan Greenert will also attend the event, which is a significant milestone in future carrier operations and maritime power projection.
 

Hagel: U.S. to Secure Embassy, Assess Situation in Iraq

Defense News - Thu, 2014-07-03 00:00

U.S. military efforts in Iraq are focusing on securing the American Embassy and personnel in Baghdad, assessing the situation in the country and advising Iraqi security forces, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said today.

Hagel and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Army Gen. Martin E. Dempsey briefed the Pentagon press corps, focusing on the U.S. mission and role in Iraq.

Both are important components of President Barack Obama’s strategy in Iraq, the secretary said, which involves supporting Iraqi forces and helping Iraq's leaders resolve the political crisis that enabled the advance of the armed militant extremist group the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, or ISIL.

“By reinforcing security at the U.S. embassy [and] its support facilities at Baghdad International Airport, we're helping provide our diplomats time and space to work with Sunni, Kurd and Shia political leaders as they attempt to form a new inclusive national unity government,” Hagel told reporters.

By better understanding conditions on the ground and the capabilities of Iraqi security forces, he added, “we'll be better able to help advise them as they combat ISIL forces inside their own country.”

About 200 U.S. military advisers are on the ground in Iraq, said Hagel, noting that the United States, with Iraqi assistance, has established a joint operations center in Baghdad.

“We have personnel on the ground in Erbil where our second joint operations center has achieved initial operating capability … [and] assessment teams are evaluating the capabilities and cohesiveness of Iraqi forces,” the secretary said.

The six U.S. assessment teams are focusing on questions such as the strength and cohesion of the Iraqi security forces, the strength and locations of ISIL, how deeply embedded they are, how each component fits into the larger sectarian dynamic at play in the country, the process of forming a new government in the country, and other material issues, Hagel added.

“Both the chairman and I are getting some assessments back, early assessments, through [U.S. Central Command Commander Army Gen. Lloyd J. Austin III] who is overseeing all of this,” the secretary said. “We won't have the full complement of all those assessments for a while but that is ongoing.”

The teams in Iraq today have one mission and that is assessments, he added.

“I don't know what the assessments are going to come back and say or what they would recommend. We'll wait to see what that is and what Gen. Austin and Gen. Dempsey then recommend,” the secretary said.

“None of these troops are performing combat missions. None will perform combat missions,” Hagel said.

“The situation in Iraq … is complex and fluid. But there's no exclusively military solution to the threats posed by ISIL,” he added. “Our approach is deliberate and flexible. It is designed to bolster our diplomatic efforts and support the Iraqi people. We will remain prepared to protect our people and our interests in Iraq.”

As most Americans enjoy the Fourth of July holiday weekend, service members around the world, especially in the Middle East, will stay postured and ready for any contingency in that region, the secretary told reporters.

“As we celebrate Independence Day tomorrow, I want to particularly express my gratitude to the men and women and their families who serve our nation at home and abroad, both civilian and in uniform,” Hagel said.

“I thank you all for what you do to keep our country safe every day,” he added.

(Follow Cheryl Pellerin on Twitter: @PellerinDoDNews)
 

Hagel Praises Latvia’s Efforts to Boost Defense Spending

Defense News - Thu, 2014-07-03 00:00

Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel met at the Pentagon today with Latvia’s Minister of Defense Raimonds Vējonis and congratulated him for the Baltic nation’s progress toward increasing defense spending.

A statement issued after the meeting by Pentagon Assistant Press Secretary Carl Woog said said both also discussed steps that have been taken to demonstrate U.S. and allied commitment to the Baltic region as well as ongoing efforts to provide a persistent presence in the area, ranging from augmented NATO air policing to the deployment of company-size rotational forces to the Baltic states and Poland.

Latvia joined NATO on March 29, 2004.

Woog’s statement reads as follows:

Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel met with Latvia’s Minister of Defense Raimonds Vējonis here today. Secretary Hagel congratulated Minister Vējonis on recent progress Latvia has made towards increasing their defense spending.

Among the topics discussed were efforts taken to date to demonstrate U.S. and allied commitment to the Baltic region as well as ongoing efforts to provide persistent presence in the area, ranging from augmented NATO air policing to the deployment of company-size rotational forces to the Baltic states and Poland. Secretary Hagel said we would continue to work with NATO to broaden support -- a focal point of efforts at the NATO Summit.

Finally, Secretary Hagel and Minister Vējonis discussed further opportunities for regional cooperation as discussed in last August’s Baltic Summit at the White House. The secretary stressed that the U.S. will continue to work with the Baltic States to support regional cooperation, interoperability with allies and long-term defense modernization.
 

Chairman Describes U.S. Interests in Iraq

Defense News - Thu, 2014-07-03 00:00

The United States has sent troops back to Iraq because it is in America’s interest for the country to remain stable and to counter Sunni militants from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff said today.

Army Gen. Martin E. Dempsey told a Pentagon news conference that Iraq’s leaders must form an inclusive government that respects the rights of all groups.  

Iraq can and should be a U.S. partner in countering terrorism, Dempsey said. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, which has captured large sections of the country’s north and west over the past few weeks, is a regional threat, Dempsey said, but could become a transnational and global threat in the future. They have “made some pretty significant and rapid advances.”

Yet “they’re stretched right now,” the chairman said, “stretched to control what they have gained and stretched across their logistics lines of communication.”

There are currently nearly 800 American service members in Iraq, with some protecting the American embassy and other facilities. Other U.S. troops are assessing the situation on the ground and have now opened a second joint operations center in Erbil in northern Iraq after establishing one in Baghdad last month. President Barack Obama ordered up to 300 U.S. special forces to the country last month to provide advice on how best to assist the Iraqi military in their fight against Sunni militants.

Meanwhile, Iraqi security forces have stiffened resistance in face of the militants’ gains.

“I don’t have the assessment teams’ exact language, but some initial insights are that the ISF is stiffening, that they’re capable of defending Baghdad,” Dempsey said.

Iraqi forces would be challenged however, if they went on the offensive against the militants, he added.

Dempsey emphasized the ability of Iraq’s military to defend the country depends on political leaders in Baghdad uniting to form a government of national unity.

In addition, what role the United States will play in Iraq going forward, he said, depends on the conclusions of the U.S. military assessment teams, as well as Iraq’s political progress.

Currently, U.S. advisors in Iraq are not involved in combat operations, Dempsey said, but he did not rule that out.

“If the assessment comes back and reveals that it would be beneficial to this effort and to our national security interests to put the advisors in a different role, I will first consult with the secretary, we will consult with the president,” he said. “We’ll provide that option and we will move ahead.”

Even so, he said U.S. involvement in Iraq does not amount to “mission creep.” Choosing to characterize it instead as “mission match.”

“We will match the resources we apply with the authorities and responsibilities that go with them based on the mission we undertake, and that is to be determined,” the chairman said.

(Follow Jim Garamone on Twitter: @garamoneDoDNews)
 

Terminally Ill Army Wife Gives Birth to ‘Miracle’ Baby

Defense News - Thu, 2014-07-03 00:00

When doctors told Yesenia Ruiz-Rojo she was terminally ill, the pregnant 21-year-old put all thoughts of herself aside. Just save my baby, she asked.

Less than four months into her pregnancy, Ruiz-Rojo was facing aggressive liver cancer and given two to four months to live. But rather than give up, the Army wife and her team of providers at Brooke Army Medical Center here decided they were going to beat the odds.

Four months later, Ruiz-Rojo gave birth to a healthy boy named Luke.

“I love spending time with my son; he’s beautiful,” she said over the phone from a hospice center in California. “I’m so thankful for him.”

She shared a picture of her family on Easter. Her 5-year-old stepson close behind her and with her baby, in a mini suit and tie, cuddled on her lap. Luke, who turned five months old in June, has received the gift of his mom’s care for longer than anyone expected.

Army Lt. Col. (Dr.) Raul Palacios, BAMC’s chief of interventional radiology, calls Ruiz-Rojo’s case “a medical miracle.”

“She told us all she wanted was for her baby to live,” Palacios said. “She was willing to do whatever it took to make that happen.”

Ruiz-Rojo arrived at BAMC in her 15th week of pregnancy. Previously healthy, she had become alarmed by a severe bout of abdominal pain and vomiting and went the emergency room at Carl R. Darnall Army Medical Center, Fort Hood, Texas. Tests revealed a tumor covering more than 65 percent of her liver. She was transferred to BAMC two days later.

When BAMC providers heard about the case, they knew the situation was dire. Based on current literature and case reports, a pregnant woman with this type of aggressive cancer hadn’t lived very long, let alone long enough to deliver a healthy child.

“There was nothing out there we found in conventional medicine that would offer her any hope,” Palacios said. “We weren’t aware of anything in the past that had been tried successfully before.”

Unwilling to give up, experts from more than a dozen specialties met to explore every possible treatment option.

They couldn’t remove the tumor because of its size and location, and traditional cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy, would cause harm or terminate the patient’s pregnancy, explained Army Col. (Dr.) Stephen Harrison, BAMC’s chief of hepatology and consultant to the surgeon general for gastrointestinal and liver diseases.

Palacios suggested they try a fairly new therapy called selective internal radiation therapy with Y-90, which places tiny radioactive particles in the patient’s artery that feeds the liver tumor which then either shrinks or dies, he explained.

BAMC is the only Defense Department facility that uses this treatment, he noted, which is FDA approved to treat primary liver and colon cancer.
“After meticulous consideration, the entire team felt there would be minimal risk to the patient and her baby,” Palacios said. “We held our breath, acknowledged Mrs. Ruiz-Rojo’s desires, and made the best educated decision with what we knew at the time.”

Interventional radiology completed her Y-90 treatment in six weeks, after which there was nothing left to do but monitor her health and pregnancy, Palacios said, noting some early encouraging signs that the tumor was responding. Ruiz-Rojo returned to the hospital at 32 weeks and delivered her baby on Jan. 9.

Her providers were thrilled at the outcome.

“The fact that at a moment’s notice everyone dropped everything to come up with a plan speaks volumes about BAMC’s dedication and commitment to care for our patients,” Palacios said.

“If the team hadn’t looked outside the box, we wouldn’t have had the chance to give her a viable baby,” added Army Col. (Dr.) Scott Kambiss, chief of OB/GYN. “Just the idea that someone would have that opportunity to bring forth life ... that was incredible for all of us. Every day is a day she didn’t have before.”

Shortly after, Ruiz-Rojo moved to California to spend time with her family and new baby while relatively symptom-free. She has lived there since mid-March creating happy memories her son can view in pictures and videos as he grows up.

“She didn’t want cancer treatments that would impair the quality of time she has left with her baby,” Palacios said.

Ruiz-Rojo’s journey may end soon, but because of a caring team of BAMC providers, her baby now has a shot at a long and happy life, Palacios said.

“I hope someone tells Luke someday how brave his mother was to allow doctors at BAMC to participate in her health,” he said.

“The fact that she is able to be with her child and experience this time with him is amazing,” Harrison added. “It’s heartwarming for all of us.”

Ruiz-Rojo’s mother, Olivia, expressed her gratitude in Spanish while at her daughter’s bedside in hospice.

“Luke is a beautiful baby -- so active, so playful,” she said over the phone. “All my daughter wanted was to have her baby and have some time with him. She was able to do that, thanks to the caring doctors at BAMC.”
 

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